You will have limited options when initializing USB sticks using native tools on Windows-7 and later. For example, in the tests below I am using an older USB stick with a small storage capacity of 128-MB (in 2017 it is virtually impossible to purchase a thumb-drive under 1-GB). Even though I am using a small capacity device, Windows-7 native tools will only allow me to choose between two formats: exFAT and NTFS.
With Windows-10 the choices are exFAT, FAT32, and NTFS.
Whether W7 or W10, you will not have total control of your target device. To get more control you want to use RUFUS (Reliable USB Formatting Utility) which can be downloaded from here:
With smaller devices like my 128-MB stick you will see an option called SUPER FLOPPY which allowed me to format the stick to look like FAT-16 for DOS-5. Why am I using such a small capacity USB stick? Many formatters will only offer older formats for smaller devices (assuming they are still being used in a more primitive ecosystem)
legend <ur> user response <sr> system response <enter> hit the ENTER key (only shown once then assumed) ... some kind of response -------------------------------------------------------- <sr> $ ! my DCL prompt <ur> ucm <enter> ! fire up the UCM application <sr> Universal Serial Bus Configuration Manager, Version V2.1 UCM> <ur> reload ! preferable to RESTART (see HELP) <sr> UCM> <ur> show dev <sr> Bus 0 (OHA0) Root Hub - 3 port(s) 22.214.171.124.0.0 -> KBD0 - HP Virtual Management Device 126.96.36.199.0.0 -> MOU0 - HP Virtual Management Device 188.8.131.52.0.0 -> MOU3 - Logitech USB-PS/2 Mouse M-BA47 Bus 1 (OHB0) Root Hub - 2 port(s) 184.108.40.206.0.0 -> KBD3 - Chicony USB Keyboard 220.127.116.11.0.0 -> HID0 - Chicony USB Keyboard Bus 2 (EHA0) Root Hub - 5 port(s) 18.104.22.168.0.0 -> DNA7 - HEWLETT PACKARD INTEGRITY SERVER 22.214.171.124.0.0 -> DNA10 - USB Mass Storage Device UCM> <ur> exit ! back to DCL <sr> $ ! <ur> sh dev/full DNA10: ! see OpenVMS device details <sr> ... $
<sr> $ <ur> type SYS$MANAGER:USB$UCM_EVENTS.LOG ! lots of technical stuff seen here <sr> ... $ <ur> type SYS$SYSTEM:USB$UCM_DEVICES.DAT ! lots of technical stuff seen hereThese commands are important because you "might" be able to use the UCM commands: "add", "modify" and "delete" to make entries in file SYS$SYSTEM:USB$UCM_DEVICES.DAT when UCM auto-config fails for some reason
After plugging in a USB device, do the following:
<sr> $ <ur> ucm <sr> Universal Serial Bus Configuration Manager, Version V2.1 UCM> <ur> show dev bla...bla...bla...
You may see (on occasion) this message like this "not configured by OpenVMS". So try the following:
<ur> sho dev /unconfig <sr> something or nothing
If you see something then type this
<ur> add dev dna
Now unplug the device, wait a few seconds, then reconnect the device. If everything worked then UCM will have created a device visible to OpenVMS
caveat: only for DOS-formatted media
$ create/dir [.trial] ! create a temporary working folder $ unzip mtools-3_9_11a_vms.zip -d [.trial] ! unzip the page into temp folder $ dir [.trial...]mtools.exe ! locate architecture-specific version of mtools $ MTOOLS :== $ actual_device:[actual.directory]MTOOLS.EXE ! create a foreign command for use with DCL $ MTOOLS <enter> ! display help (list of mtools sub-commands) $ dir [.trial...]mtools.conf_example ! locate example config $ copy [.actual-path]mtools.conf_example SYS$LOGIN:_mtoolsrc ! copy config to your home directory
Time stands still for no one or no thing and this is especially true of software. Steven's latest port of MTOOLS is based upon version 3 code from 2007. Since then, Linux has become very popular and is giving both UNIX and Windows a run for their money when it comes to features. This caused the original developers of mtools to add support for lots of cool stuff like VFAT to name just one of many, but all that was done in mtools-4. If you need any of the newer formats I suggest you contact Steven and urge him to anOpenVMS-specific port of mtools-4.1.18 which is dated 2013
source code and docs:
Steven has added a really neat feature to this implementation which is only possible on OpenVMS. The original author required the owner/operator to manually edit changes in the config file which could be prone to error not to mention repetitious. If you wanted to use the configuration line associated with USB you needed to edit it. In Steven's implementation you only need to create a logical name called TOOLS_U then point it at the device you wish to reference.
<sr> $ <ur> ucm <sr> Universal Serial Bus Configuration Manager, Version V2.1 UCM> <ur> sh dev d <sr> Bus 2 (EHA0) Root Hub - 5 port(s) 126.96.36.199.0.0 -> DNA7 - HEWLETT PACKARD INTEGRITY SERVER 188.8.131.52.0.0 -> DNA10 - USB Mass Storage Device UCM> <ur> exit <sr> $ <ur> sh dev dn <sr> Device Device Error Volume Free Trans Mnt Name Status Count Label Blocks Count Cnt KAWC99$DNA7: Online wrtlck 0 KAWC99$DNA8: Offline 0 KAWC99$DNA9: Offline 0 KAWC99$DNA10: Online 0 $ <ur> mount DNA10/foreign <sr> %MOUNT-I-MOUNTED, mounted on _KAWC99$DNA10: $ <ur> def MTOOLS_U dna10 ! this is so cool <sr> $ <ur> mtools ! see available sub-commands <sr> Supported commands: mattrib, mbadblocks, mcat, mcd, mclasserase, mcopy, mdel, mdeltree mdir, mdoctorfat, mdu, mformat, minfo, mlabel, mmd, mmount mpartition, mrd, mread, mmove, mren, mshowfat, mtoolstest, mtype mwrite, mzip $ <ur> mtools -c minfo u: ! info of u: (eg. MTOOLS_U) <sr> device information: =================== filename="MTOOLS_U" sectors per track: 63 heads: 255 cylinders: 16 mformat command line: mformat -t 16 -h 255 -s 63 u: bootsector information ====================== banner:"MSDOS5.0" sector size: 512 bytes cluster size: 4 sectors reserved (boot) sectors: 4 fats: 2 max available root directory slots: 512 small size: 0 sectors media descriptor byte: 0xf8 sectors per fat: 250 sectors per track: 63 heads: 255 hidden sectors: 0 big size: 256000 sectors physical drive id: 0x80 reserved=0x0 dos4=0x29 serial number: 12176684 disk label="NO NAME " disk type="FAT16 " $ <ur> mtools -c mdir u: ! dir of u: (eg. MTOOLS_U) <sr> Total number of sectors not a multiple of sectors per track! Add mtools_skip_check=1 to your .mtoolsrc file to skip this test $ <ur> ed .mtoolsrc. ... append mtools_skip_check=1 to line containing MTOOLS_U exit with save <sr> $ <ur> mtools -c mdir u: ! dir of u: (eg. MTOOLS_U) <sr> Volume in drive U is 131MB Volume Serial Number is 1217-6684 Directory for U:/ autorun inf 208 2017-10-25 11:08 autorun ico 34494 2017-10-25 11:08 test txt 14 2017-10-25 11:09 3 files 34 716 bytes 130 758 656 bytes free $ <ur> mtools -c mshowfat u:autorun.inf ! dir of u: (eg. MTOOLS_U) <sr> U:/autorun.inf <2> $ <ur> mtools -c mshowfat u:autorun.ico ! dir of u: (eg. MTOOLS_U) <sr> U:/autorun.ico <3-19> $ <ur> dismount dna10: ! unmount this device <sr> $
|USB Floppy||not recognized by UCM (because no device serial number?)|
|USB Hard Drive (1TB)||recognized by UCM|
can format any block-structured device as a Files-11 device
...more information to follow...
Can format any block-structured device as an ODS2 files-11 device. (not sure about ODS5)
...more information to follow...
...more information to follow...