Recommended Science Books (for modern citizens)

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Three special science books by John Granville

Concerning the Discovery of the Æther (2016) John Granville (Concerning the Discovery of the Ether)

This small book is dense with well written content supporting the author's hypothesis that the luminiferous aether is real. The author takes us on a brief excursion through European natural philosophy with stops at Descartes, Huygens, and Maxwell who also believed aether was real. The journey continues through Michelson and Morley, who's famous failed experiment proved that aether was not real (or at least could not be detected).

Chapters:

  1. The Æther Sea (or "Ether Sea")
  2. Gradient, Divergence & Curl (or Grad, Div and Curl)
  3. The Æther Mechanism (or "Ether Mechanism")
  4. Electrostatics
  5. Electromagnetism
  6. Inductance
  7. Electromagnetic Waves
  8. Matter & Mass?

Link: https://www.amazon.com/Concerning-Discovery-AEther-John-Granville/dp/193424290X/

comment: many people today throw around phrases like "space-time", "vacuum energy", "zero-point energy", "virtual particles", and "multiverse" never worrying about being labeled "crazy". By comparison, "a real ether" seems to be the least weird idea of all.

Æther Drift (2015) John Granville (Ether Drift)

Link: https://www.amazon.com/Aether-Drift-John-Granville/dp/1934242969/

comment: If you want to be intellectually stimulated for the tiny sum of $10 then buy this book. The only descriptive phrase which comes to mind is "very high signal-to-noise ratio". The "dialog" between Simplicio and JG are reminiscent of another great author

Nature hides her secrets in plain view (from the back cover)

This book is about a modern attempt to measure an æther drift. The tests were conducted between 2010 and 2013, but the preparatory work goes back to much farther than that. Your might not find it extraordinary that someone would repeat a classic old experiment, but you might well find the underlying reasons more than interesting ... and the results even astonishing.

In 1881, from April to August, A.A. Michelson conducted experiments to measure an æther drift relative to earth's motion in its orbit about the sun. To virtually everyone's amazement he found no first order drift. The existence of an aether was thought to be imperative to conduct light waves, and Michelson's results were simply beyond comprehension. There were other experiments, of course, all yielding the same results.

G.F. FitzGerald and H.A. Lorentz developed a theory that objects "shrank" when moving through the aether, but the explanation finally accepted (i.e. Einstein's Relativity theory) postulated the speed of light was the same regardless of the motion of any reference coordinates. Maintaining the principle of relative motion required time and space to become variables, and the classic function of an aether became incompatible ... and the aether was pronounced obsolete.

Be-that-as-it-may, this book reports an experiment that leaves little doubt an aether exists. Most astonishingly the theory is neither beyond comprehension nor even obscure. In fact it's obvious! ... and pretty nearly imperative. For more than a century this aether has been right before our eyes ... hidden in plain view. The thing we've all been missing is revealed in the Preface, and PART II of the book fills in the details.

Chapters:

Subscripts:

  1. In order to repeat the Michelson-Morley experiment they built their own interferometer employing modern electronics:
  2. partial quote from page-51: Photons are electromagnetic waves as they occur at visible (i.e. light) wavelengths ...
        { skip a paragraph on antenna-length math from every RF engineer's handbook }
        At the frequencies of light (~5x1014 Hz) antennas shrink, of practical necessity, to atomic dimensions
        { more stuff is skipped over }
        ... the vibrating electron is a microscopic alternating current confined to atomic dimensions (i.e. the atom acts like an antenna) and the electromagnetic waves are generated according to Maxwell's equations.

comments:

  1. so the colloquial definition of photon could be redefined to mean "a packet of EM energy whose wavelength is less than the size of an atom"
  2. Food-for-thought:
    1. consider a ray of light moving through glass or a prism; forget about waves for a moment and only think about particles; are the photons travelling between the atoms or is something else occurring?
    2. now consider a 2k-length of gently coiled multi-mode optical fiber (usually covered in an orange plastic sheath by the telecommunications industry). We could develop a model showing photon particles bouncing along the inside cladding
    3. now consider a 2k-length of gently coiled single-mode optical fiber (usually covered in a yellow plastic sheath by the telecommunications industry) where light never reaches the cladding but is gently guided back to the middle due to a change in the incidence of refraction. One might suppose that the photons are moving between the atoms, but a better theory (put forth in this book) is that atoms behave as antennas and the photons are captured then retransmitted forward with almost zero loss

Discovery of Motion - An Introduction to Natural Philosophy (2007) John Granville

 science lover's "must have"  (533 pages)

link: https://www.amazon.com/Discovery-Motion-Introduction-Natural-Philosophy/dp/1934242985/

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Neil Rieck
Kitchener - Waterloo - Cambridge, Ontario, Canada.